Types of acne

Different types of acne with the recommended treatment.

Acne is a common problem faced by several people out there. It starts in the teens and goes on if not treated properly. We often use many remedies, products, which are not effective for treating acne. Before treating any skin problems, you should know what type of acne you have. Here in this article, we will tell you about the different types of acne with recommended treatment use to solve them.

What are acne and its causes?

Acne is a skin condition that develops when the pores get clogged due to inflamed sebaceous glands, more sebum production, and dead skin cells, bacteria, and dirt.
Many other reasons can cause acne, such as temperature, stress, anxiety, hormonal changes, or nonsuited makeup products.

Types of acne and its treatment?

Types of acne

Noninflammatory acne:

Noninflammatory acne is the children of acne, which is less severe than the other forms of acne. It does not cause any swelling or discomfort. Whiteheads and blackheads are the two types of noninflammatory acne.

Blackheads:

Blackheads are also called open comedones. These are small, dark-coloured spots that appear in your face and body with slightly raised bumps. They are the mild types of acne caused when the pores became clogged. It appears because of the excess oil and dead skills cells. The skin around blackheads usually appears normal but, the centre has a black dot. They can be treated easily with over the counter medication.

Whiteheads:

Both Whiteheads and blackheads occur due to clogged pores but, the only difference is that it is a closed comedo. It is a small, flesh-coloured spot with a slight bump texture with a white tip. These closed comedones with white spots consider as a mild form of acne. It is treated easily with over the counter medication.

Maskne:

It is a new type of acne, which most people experience while wearing a mask. This appears the same as whiteheads or blackheads and targets the cheeks and jaw area of your face. Many reasons can cause maskne, such as pored clogs or nonsuited makeup products, which leads to bacteria growth. The best precaution is to wash your mask daily and wear light products. You can also use a soft fabric mask to avoid irritation or rashes on your face.

Treatment for Noninflammatory acne:

Many treatments are available over the counter, such as moisturizers, gels, toners, cream and many more. These can be helpful to treat whiteheads and blackheads as they do contain active ingredients. But, if you want a long term result, consider applying active ingredients directly on your face rather than mixing it up with other products. 

Active Ingredients such as:

  • benzoyl peroxide
  • salicylic acid
  • azelaic acid
  • Topical Retinoid can help treat non-inflammatory acne.

Some other methods that can help treat these are skin problems are by changing your lifestyle include: 

  • Wash your face with luke water using a gentle cleanser
  • Apply light moisturizer and stay hydrated all-day
  • Make sunscreen with board spectrum SPF 50 PA+++ your best friends

Inflammatory acne:

Every person main problem is to deal with inflammatory acne that leads to skin problems such as scars, pigmentation, uneven texture and more. Inflammatory acne can also cause swelling, inflammation, redness. It occurs deep into the skin and causes scarring. People with inflamed acne have a small, mild or severe pimple in your body.
An oily skin type people are more likely to experience acne, which happens because of the bacteria in your skin called Propionibacterium acnes. There are two different types of inflammatory acne:

Mild acne:
1. Papules:

The common name for Papules is a pimple, which are inflammatory red bumps on the skin. They look like a bump on the skin surface, different from noninflammatory acne. It occurs because of the ingrowth of bacteria that happens because of oily texture and dead skins.

2. Pustules:

Common acne faced by teenagers and adults is pustules, a type of acne with white coloured tips. These white coloured tips contain whitish or yellowish pus, which occurs because of the excess oil, bacteria and dead skill cells.

Treatment for Mild/Moderate acne includes:

There are many medications available over the counter that can treat papules and pustules. These include:

  • Benzoyl peroxide to fight bacteria
  • Adapalene gel 0.1% (retinoid)

Include some healthy lifestyle into your routine:

  • Wash your wash with gentle cleaners or a Benzoyl peroxide wash.
  • Add zinc (active ingredient or supplements), which will help control oil production.
  • Eat healthy, exclude milk and sugar from your diet.
  • Do not touch your face with a dirty hand.
Severe acne
1. Nodules:

It comes under a severe form of acne, which is large and is painful and hard if touched. Nodules appear deep down into the skin, which contains pus but, as it appears deep down so, it doesn’t need to have a white tip. In addition, people with nodules acne type should avoid touching the face as it can connect to other nodules, which develops acne conglobata.

2. Acne cysts:

It is the most painful severe type of acne, which is very difficult to treat. Cysts appear as large, soft, sebum filled bumps, which contains blood along with the pus. These types of acne are more likely to leave an acne scar and are located deep down the skin surface.

Treatment for severe acne includes:

Treating the most severe acne requires a bit of patience and medication with the proper guidance from the dermatologist. Treating them by ourselves is the toughest task to do but, as per dermatologists recommendation include:

  • Topical retinoids such as tretinoin, adapalene gel.
  • Antibiotics such as tetracycline, doxycycline, and amoxicillin
  • Hormonal related oral contraceptives such as isotretinoin.
  • Injecting steroid
  • Lasers or chemical peels.

Remember, the above recommendation for severe acne should be taken under dermatologist consultation.

Acne is a common problem that leads to distress, and treating them is a tough job. As per the recommendation, Benzoyl peroxide, Azelaic acid and salicylic acid are effective measures to treat mild/moderate acne. You can also purchase topical retinoids like adapalene gel available over the counter.
Bonus point:
If you are using any active ingredients, try to stick by it at least for 4-6 months, as it takes time to show visible results.
Also, for retinoids users, experiencing purging is absolutely normal. Trust the process and wait for six months, and even after that, you don’t see any result, consult the good dermatologists.

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